[Part 2] Explanation of the Last Verses of Sūrah al-Baqarah Regarding Sin, Forgetfulness, Error and Burdens – By Abu ‘Iyād Amjad Rafiq (حفظه الله) – SalafiPublications Summer Conference 1445 | 2023

Abu 'Iyād Amjad Rafiq

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all creation—and may He extol the Messenger in the highest company of Angels, and grant him peace and security—likewise to his family, Companions, and true followers.

[13/08/2023] [Part 2] Explanation of the Last Verses of Sūrah al-Baqarah Regarding Sin, Forgetfulness, Error and Burdens – By Abu ‘Iyād Amjad Rafiq (حفظه الله) – SalafiPublications Summer Conference 1445 | 2023. Masjid Salafi, Small Heath, Birmingham, UK.

Some points covered by Abu ‘Iyād Amjad Rafiq (حفظه الله):

  • Clarification that there is nothing in the Sharī’ah that is a pure command or act of worship without any wisdom.
  • An explanation of the distinction between the Wisdom of Allāh in commanding something (al-Amr), and the thing that is commanded (al-Ma’mūr), with examples from the story of Ibrāhīm (عليه السلام), the ḥadīth of the blind man, the leper and the bald man, and the story of Ṭālūt and his army.
  • The connection between this and āyah 284 of Sūrah al-Baqarah.
  • The mercy/concession given to this ummah due to the submission, acceptance and compliance of the Companions (رضى الله عنهم).
  • Benefits from āyah 285, “The Messenger (Muḥammad) believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in Allāh, His Angels, His Books, and His Messengers. They say, ‘We make no distinction between one another of His Messengers’ – and they say, ‘We hear, and we obey. (We seek) Your Forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the return (of all).’”
  • The submission of the believers to the commands of Allāh.
  • The three categories of people in their response to the judgement of Allāh and His Messenger ﷺ.
  • The necessity of seeking forgiveness from Allāh.
  • How a servant can increase in īmān and station after committing a sin.
  • Clarification that though Allāh responded to the supplication of the Companions and it applies to the ummah generally, it may not be answered for specific individuals due to their sins and disobedience.
  • Examples from the time of ‘Umar (رضى الله عنه) regarding instances of severity and hardship imposed upon the people due to sins that began to appear.
  • The effect of sins upon knowledge.
  • The outcome of obscurity in knowledge, increase in differing and engrossment in the world.
  • Tribulation that engulfs the oppressor as well as those who remained silent and did not end the oppression.
  • The foundation of every trial and tribulation from the time of Ādam (عليه السلام) being expelled from Paradise to when the people enter the hellfire.
  • Taking benefit from the gatherings of remembrance.
  • Tremendous insight from Ibn Taymiyyah (رحمه الله) regarding how we bring shackles and burdens upon ourselves even though the Sharī’ah has released us from them.
  • The two types of oppressors.
  • Some of the effects of sins:
  • 1. Little success in your affairs.
  • 2. Your opinions become corrupted.
  • 3. The truth becomes hidden/obscure to you.
  • 4. Corruption of the heart.
  • 5. You find it very difficult to make dhikr of Allāh.
  • 6. Wastage of time/little blessing in your time.
  • 7. The people have aversion towards you.
  • 8. A feeling of strangeness between yourself and your Lord.
  • 9. Your du’ā not being answered.
  • 10. You find your heart becoming hard and it is not easily melted despite hearing admonitions.
  • 11. Blessings in your sustenance and life are slowly erased.
  • 12. Knowledge is prevented.
  • 13. You start to be clothed in humiliation.
  • 14. Your enemy no longer fears you and is able to humiliate you.
  • 15. Your heart becomes narrow.
  • 16. You are put to trial with evil companionship who corrupt your heart and waste your time.
  • 17. Anxiety, worry and grief, which preoccupies your mind.
  • 18. Constricted livelihood.
  • 19. There is a gloominess about you.
  • The similitude of sins and obedience.
  • The reward of a good deed and the punishment of an evil deed.
  • Final reflections upon the last verses of Sūrah al-Baqarah.

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1 Comment

  1. Excellent talk by Shaykh Abu Iyaad. This is talk that I would like to listen to again and take notes. Many great points mentioned in the talk.

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