The Attributes of a Believer by Hasan Somāli

Lecture at Markaz Muādh bin Jabal, intro by Dr. Abdulilāh Lahmami.

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  1. The main subject of the lecture focuses on the traits of the successful believer. So whichever believer possesses these characteristics, he will be successful and happy. These traits are mentioned in the beginning of the 23rd Sūrah of the Qur’ān. This success is only for the believers. So what are their qualities?

    1)

    They pray in complete submission and humility. This shows the importance of the prayer and its place in our religion. The first quality Allāh mentioned of the successful believer is that he is in a state of complete submissiveness in the prayer.
    The prayer prevents a person from illicit relations and all types of evil. If a person is falling into illicit relations and evil, either he doesn’t pray or he prays but there is a deficiency in his prayer.

    If a person strictly guards the 5 daily prayers, he is more likely to guard the other obligations. The prayer should be established with its conditions, pillars and obligations.

    That which is between kufr and the Islām of a person is the prayer. Whoever abandons it has disbelieved.

    In 23:2, Allāh mentioned khushū’.

    What is khushū’?

    It is to have an attentive, focused heart. You should be concentrating on the prayer. The person must recall the greatness of Allāh when he stands in front of Him. When you enter into the prayer, everything should become insignificant.

    You should prevent your limbs from fidgeting around unnecessarily in the prayer. It is bad manners before Allāh to move around unnecessarily in the prayer.

    The only portion of the prayer that is written for the servant is that which he is focusing upon and paying attention to.

    When the servant looks all over the place in the prayer, it is the Shayṭān stealing from his prayer. It is an indication that the person is heedless in the prayer. It also causes the person’s khushū’ to be lost.

    2)

    They are those who turn away from falsehood in all of its manifestations.

    It could be shirk, bid’ah and other forms of disobedience. Falsehood could also comprise of speech and action which are of no benefit. The servant should gather between separation and socialising. People of knowledge have mentioned that you mix with the people if there is benefit. If there isn’t, stay to yourself.

    Sometimes, socialising is obligatory like in the ‘eid and the obligatory prayers. But unnecessary socialising to a great extent kills the heart and wastes time.

    People attack the scholars with useless speech. The successful believers don’t listen to backbiting, tale carrying and music. They also don’t listen to “Islāmic” nashīds which is the way of the Ṣūfīs. These things divert one from the Qur’ān.

    Likewise, they don’t look at nudity in the films and other filthy things. They don’t attend sittings where falsehood and evil is spoken about. They don’t listen to the callers of misguidance. One shouldn’t listen to these youtube “sheikhs”.

    Muḥammad (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) said what means that there will be callers to the gates of hellfire and whoever answers them will be thrown into it.

    Even the hypocrites were known to have eloquent speech.

    The slave should focus on the family and other responsibilities. Busy yourselves with knowledge and the sciences of the religion and with the Arabic language.

    3)

    They are those who give the Zakāh. The Zakāh is purification and growth with its linguistic meaning. The successful believers purify themselves.

    There are 2 types of Jiḥād which the servant wages against himself. The first is fasting during the day and the second is praying during the night. Whoever has been successful with regards to them and fulfils their rights will be rewarded without any reckoning.

    A person who has a sickness in his heart can’t be cured by the medical doctor.

    People in the past would write to the scholars to know how to cure the sicknesses in their hearts. People would travel miles to ask the scholars questions about these things.

    How does one purify himself though?

    One should purify himself by performing acts of obedience and staying away from the prohibitions. One must not attempt to purify himself by the way of the Ṣūfīs who invite the people to commit shirk with Allāh.

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